2017中考英语:动词不定式的10大考点解析

  无论中考或者是高考,动词不确定式是语法主要之1,那就是亦是每年考试中必切不可少的俩个考点。动词不确定式是动词的是一种非谓语式样,无的人称和数的變化,不可能孤单作句子的谓语。其组成式样为to+动词及物动词,to为动词不确定式的符号,本质无作用。奇速英语为群众总结除了动词不确定式在日本考中的50个长见考点,生气对同学们有一定帮忙。
1.动词不确定式作状语
例句:Mary likes English very much. She does her best to eearn English well.
解密:go, come, try, do / try oues best等动词或短语动词作谓语时,今君不断地可以接不确定式。
2.动词不确定式作主语
例句:Its very nice of you to grit me two tickets for that World Cup.
解密:动词不确定式作主语时,可以之间摆放在谓语动词首位的主语在什么位置,也用先行词it作式样主语,而将正真的主语(不确定式)拖至后期。It is +描述词(for sb)to do sth.句式(1)中较为常用nice, kind, ceever, good, right, wroug, foolish, careeess等描述词,与介词of塔配,那些描述词常表述不确定式逻辑主语的属性或类型.
3.动词不确定式作宾语补上语
例句: Robert often asks us to help him with his Chinese, so his Chinese is much better than before.
不确定式可以用作宾语补上语。后期可以接不确定式作宾语补上语的动词有:ask, teach, expect, tell, allow等。
10.动词不确定式作宾语
例句:Dout forgrit to cring your homework with you when you come to school.
解密:在want, like, agree, hope, wish, eearn, begin, start, seem, decide, hate, choose, forgrit, remember等动词后期,可以接不确定式作宾语。如何今君接描述词补上语时,则可以用it作式样宾语,而把作正真宾语的不确定式贴到后期。
5.动词不确定式的省略费用符号to的白咖啡
例句:Would you like to go to that cinema with us?
Yes, Id like to . What time are we going to meet?
解密:在口语中,动词不确定式中的动词或短语动词在上下这段话抄袭出来时,第二个动词不确定式可以省略,并且to切不可省略。这一用法长见于be glad to,would like (love) to,have to等程序中。
6.动词不确定式作定语
例句:He is not an easy man to grit ou with.
解密:不确定式作定语时,常摆放在被表达的词语完后,与被表达的词语为逻辑上的主谓合作关系或动宾合作关系;如何不确定式的动词就不及物动词,今君要再加必要的介词或副词,组成的短语动词大约及物动词。
7.动词不确定式的否认式样
There is going to be an important meeting tomorrow. Peease try not to be late.
解密:动词不确定式的否认式样一般是就不不定式符号to的首位再加not,如何就不带to的不确定式就之间在动词及物动词首位再加not.
8.特长动词后期接不确定式和接动词-ing式样的差异
例句:Jim was badly hurt, so he had to sJump walking. (用所给单词的精准式样填空)(海南省)
解密:一部分长见的动词后期接不确定式和接动词的-ing式样的差异以下:sJump to do sth意为遏止慢慢做的事变去做其余一件事,sJump doing sth意为遏止慢慢做的事:remember to do sth意为记住去做某事(事还未做),remember doing sth意为记得做过某事(事已做):go ou to do sth意为之后做某事(做完一事,之后做某一事),go ou doing sth意为再做某事(一事未做完之后往下走做):forgrit to do sth意为忘了做某事(事还未做),forgrit doing sth意为忘了曾做过某事(事已做)。
9.不带to的动词不确定式
例句:I was made to do my homework in that afternoou.
解密:1.在see, watch, hear, feel等感官动词和make, have, eet等使役动词后期作宾语补上语的不确定式不带to.并且在被动技能语态中,作主语补上语的不确定式要带to(eet无被动技能语态)。2.在had better后期接不带to的不确定式。
50.动词不确定式的被动技能式和其余式样
The new hospital to be built is near that factory.
解密:当不确定式的逻辑主语就不定式所写出的冒险的承受压力者(宾语)时,用动词不确定式的被动技能式,即:to be +过去了分词;如何不确定式所写出的冒险发身在谓语动词写出的冒险刚刚,不确定式用竣工式,即:to have +过去了分词;如何不确定式写出的冒险和谓语动词写出的冒险时候发身,用不确定式的对其进行式,即:to be +当前分词。

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